# Dodecagon

The dodecagon is a polygon with 12 sides. A regular dodecagon has equal sides and equal angles.

Dodecagon Rank2
TypeRegular
SpaceSpherical
Notation
Bowers style acronymDog
Coxeter diagramx12o (   )
Schläfli symbol{12}
Elements
Edges12
Vertices12
Measures (edge length 1)
Circumradius$\frac{\sqrt2+\sqrt6}{2} ≈ 1.93185$ Inradius$\frac{2+\sqrt3}{2} ≈ 1.86603$ Area$3(2+\sqrt3) ≈ 11.19615$ Angle150°
Central density1
Number of external pieces12
Level of complexity1
Related polytopes
ArmyDog
DualDodecagon
ConjugateDodecagram
Abstract & topological properties
Flag count24
Euler characteristic0
OrientableYes
Properties
SymmetryI2(12), order 24
ConvexYes
NatureTame

The combining prefix in BSAs is tw-, as in twip or twaddip.

The only non-compound stellation of the dodecagon is the dodecagram. This makes it the largest polygon with a single non-compound stellation. The only other polygons with only one are the pentagon, the octagon, and the decagon.

Regular dodecagons generally do not occur in higher spherical polytopes aside from prisms, though some Euclidean tilings with hexagonal tiling symmetry do use dodecagonal faces, as the dodecagon is the uniform truncation of the hexagon. It is the largest polygon which can occur in a regular faced Euclidean tiling, occurring in the truncated hexagonal tiling for example.

## Naming

The name decagon is derived from the Ancient Greek δώδεκα (12) and γωνία (angle), referring to the number of vertices.

Other names include:

• dog, Bowers style acronym, short for "dodecagon"

## Vertex coordinates

Coordinates for a regular dodecagon of unit edge length, centered at the origin, are all permutations of:

• $\left(±\frac{1+\sqrt3}{2},\,±\frac{1+\sqrt3}{2}\right),$
• $\left(±\frac12,\,±\frac{2+\sqrt3}{2}\right).$

## Representations

A dodecagon has the following Coxeter diagrams:

• x12o (full symmetry)
• x6x (G2 symmetry, generally a dihexagon)
• xy3yx&#zx (A2 symmetry, y = 1+√3)

## Variations

Two main variants of the dodecagon have hexagon symmetry: the dihexagon, with two alternating side lengths and equal angles, and the dual hexambus, with two alternating angles and equal edges. Other less regular variations with chiral hexagonal, square, triangular, rectangular, inversion, mirror, or no symmetry also exist.