The octagon is a polygon with 8 sides. A regular octagon has equal sides and equal angles.
|Bowers style acronym||Oc|
|Coxeter diagram||x8o ()|
|Vertex figure||Dyad, length √2+√2|
|Measures (edge length 1)|
|Number of pieces||8|
|Level of complexity||1|
|Symmetry||I2(8), order 16|
The combining prefix in BSAs is o-, as in odip.
The only non-compound stellation of the octagon is the octagram. The only other polygons with a single non-compound stellation are the pentagon, the decagon, and the dodecagon.
It can also be constructed as a uniform truncation of the square. It appears in higher uniform polytopes with hypercube symmetry in this form.
The name octagon is derived from the Ancient Greek ὀκτώ (8) and γωνία (angle), referring to the number of vertices.
Other names include:
- Oc, Bowers style acronym, short for "octagon".
Coordinates for a regular octagon of unit edge length, centered at the origin, are all permutations of
A regular octagon can be represented by the following Coxeter diagrams:
- x8o (full symmetry)
- x4x (B2 symmetry, generally a ditetragon)
- ko4ok&#zx (B2, generally a tetrambus)
- xw wx&#zx (digonal symmetry)
- okK Kko#&zx (digonal symmetry, K=qk)
- xwwx&#xt (axial edge-first)
- okKko&#xt (axial vertex-first)
Two main variants of the octagon have square symmetry: the ditetragon, with two alternating side lengths and equal angles, and the dual tetrambus, with two alternating angles and equal edges. Other less regular variations with chiral square, rectangular, inversion, mirror, or no symmetry also exist.
- 1st stellation: Stellated octagon (compound of two squares)
- 2nd stellation: Octagram
- Bowers, Jonathan. "Regular Polygons and Other Two Dimensional Shapes".
- Klitzing, Richard. "Polygons"
- Wikipedia Contributors. "Octagon".
- Hi.gher.Space Wiki Contributors. "Octagon".