Hexacosichoron

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Hexacosichoron
Rank4
TypeRegular
Notation
Bowers style acronymEx
Coxeter diagramo5o3o3x ()
Schläfli symbol{3,3,5}
Elements
Cells600 tetrahedra
Faces1200 triangles
Edges720
Vertices120
Vertex figureIcosahedron, edge length 1
Edge figuretet 3 tet 3 tet 3 tet 3 tet 3
Measures (edge length 1)
Circumradius
Edge radius
Face radius
Inradius
Hypervolume
Dichoral angle
Central density1
Number of external pieces600
Level of complexity1
Related polytopes
ArmyEx
RegimentEx
CompanyEx
DualHecatonicosachoron
ConjugateGrand hexacosichoron
Abstract & topological properties
Flag count14400
Euler characteristic0
OrientableYes
Properties
SymmetryH4, order 14400
Flag orbits1
ConvexYes
NatureTame
History
Discovered byLudwig Schläfli
First discovered1853

The hexacosichoron, or ex, also commonly called the 600-cell, is one of the 6 convex regular polychora. It has 600 regular tetrahedra as cells, joining 5 to an edge and 20 to a vertex in an icosahedral arrangement.

It is the first in an infinite family of isogonal icosahedral swirlchora (when it could be called the decafold icosaswirlchoron) and the first in a series of isogonal icosidodecahedral swirlchora (the tetrafold icosidodecaswirlchoron). It is also isogonal under A3●H3 symmetry, where it has 120 cells with full symmetry and 480 with triangular pyramidal symmetry, with a vertex figure in the symmetry of a snub tetrahedron.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Vertex coordinates[edit | edit source]

The vertices of a regular hexacosichoron of edge length 1, centered at the origin, are given by all permutations of:

  • ,
  • ,

and all even permutations of:

  • .

The first two sets of vertices form an icositetrachoron that can be inscribed into the hexacosichoron. If the vertices of this inscribed icositetrachoron are removed, the result is the snub disicositetrachoron.

Surtope angles[edit | edit source]

The surtope angle is the fraction of solid space occupied by the polytope at that surtope.

  • A2 :54.99.12 164.477512° = 164° 28' 39" Dichoral or margin angle = 2/3 - acos(1/4)
  • A3 :47.07.90 282.387560° = 282° 23' 15" Edge angle 11/12 -2.5 acos(1/4)
  • A4 :33.15.60 = 53/120 - 5* acos(1/4).

Representations[edit | edit source]

A hexacosichoron has the following Coxeter diagrams:

  • o5o3o3x (full symmetry)
  • ooxoooxoo5ooooxoooo3oxofofoxo&#xt (H3 axial, vertex-first)
  • xoofoxFfoofxofo3oofoxfooofxofoo3ofoxfoofFxofoox&#xt (A3 axial, tetrahedron-first)
  • os3os4oo3fo&#zx (snub F4 symmetry)
  • foxo3ooof3xfoo *b3oxfo&#zx (D4 symmetry)
  • xffoo3oxoof3fooxo3ooffx&#zx (A4 symmetry)
  • xfooxo5xofxoo oxofox5ooxofx&#zx (H2×H2 symmetry)
  • fFoxffooxo3foFfxofxoo oxofofxFof3ooxofxfoFf&#zx (A2×A2 symmetry)
  • xofFoxFf(oV)fFxoFfox ooxofoof(xo)oxfoooxo-5-oxooofxo(xo)foofoxoo&#xt (H2×A1 axial, edge-first)
  • oooxxxfffFFFVooof FxfoFfxFofxooVoof xfFFfoFoxxofooVof fFxfoFoxFofxoooVf&#zx (K4 symmetry)

Related polychora[edit | edit source]

The hexacosichoron is the colonel of a regiment that includes three other regular polychora, namely the faceted hexacosichoron, the great hecatonicosachoron, and the grand hecatonicosachoron. Of these, the faceted hexacosichoron also shares the same faces, so the hexacosichoron is the captain of a two-member company. The hexacosichoron's regiment also contains the small swirlprism and several scaliform polychora.

The hexacosichoron may be diminished by cutting off one or more icosahedral pyramids, each operation replacing 20 tetrahedra with an icosahedron. These diminished polychora are known as special cuts and are notable as examples of Blind polytopes. In 2008, Sikirić and Myrvold enumerated the special cuts for a total count of 314,248,344. Diminishing 24 vertices symmetrically from an inscribed icositetrachoron creates the uniform snub disicositetrachoron. If we no longer require that the cells are regular, we can repeatedly diminish 24 vertices from inscribed icositetrachora to form the bi-, tri-, and quatro-icositetradiminished hexacosichora, and finally the hecatonicosachoron.

Another segmentochoral cap, this time edge-first, is the pentagonal scalene.

Two orthogonal circles of 10 vertices representing a decagonal duotegum can be removed from the hexacosichoron to form the grand antiprism.

The hexacosichoron contains several segmentochora within its vertices. Besides the icosahedral pyramid, the segmentochora icosahedron atop dodecahedron and dodecahedron atop icosidodecahedron can be inscribed, with the icosidodecahedron serving as an equatorial hyperplane.

Uniform polychoron compounds composed of hexacosichora iclude:

Isogonal derivatives[edit | edit source]

Substitution by vertices of these following elements will produce these convex isogonal polychora:

External links[edit | edit source]