Bowers style acronym

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Bowers' acronyms are a shorthand notation created by Jonathan Bowers, used to identify polytopes without having to write their full (often quite long) names. They have been since expanded on, most notably by Richard Klitzing, either via direct request to the former or by means of expanding general building rules of him, which therefore has resulted in the umbrella term official Bowers style acronym (OBSA) for shorthands in accordance with Bowers's original ones.

The general building principle is to start with the full name and reduce every element (numbers, operators, the base object, etc.) into single characters. Then, characters are added euphoniously to make the OBSA readable/pronouncable. For example, "small rhombicuboctahedron" first becomes SRCO, and finally sirco.

Spaces may be added and some letters may be doubled, in order to make the intended pronunciation more obvious or make the name more unique or memorable. Spaces are not necessarily added to separate functionally different parts of the name (such as operators and the ending facet counts). For example, "medial omnicircumfacetopental trishecatonicosachoron" becomes mom fapathi, even though the "medial omnicircum-" part of the name (that contributes mom to the OBSA) is just an arbitrary cut of the full name.

List of morphemes found in OBSAs
Morpheme Possible meanings (sorted alphabetically, not by relevance) Example
a alpha- abstid pesto
anti- squap
atop octacube
at tiling azat
au augmented autic
az apeirogon azip
b 240 (diacositetraconta-) bif
based gibdiphip xady
beta- bebstid pesto
bi- bautip
blended bidsgado
c 48 (tetracontocta-, also co or cont) spic
capped sicdip pixthi
cellated; celli- scox
cis- cobidastado
cube muc
octaexon (also o or oc)
co 48 (tetracontocta-, also c and cont) codibrox
-corona waco
cont 48 (tetracontocta-, also c and co) contit
cu cupola squacu
cy cyclo- cyooh
d 10 (deca-, also da or de) da
12 (dodeca-, also tw) gad
diminished mibdi
dis- ditdi
double padiap
duo- hiddip
e elongated gyepibcu
enneagonal ep
icosicosahedron se
el hemi- elcube
en 9 (ennea-, also ene) eng
f 14 (tetradeca-, also ted) fe
2160 (dischiliahecatonhexaconta-) fy
faceted fipte
fissal fen
frustum trif
g 64 (hexacontatetra-) rag
gram dag
grand (usually ga) gap
great gad
gy gyrated; gyro- (also gyr) gyrid
h 6 (hexa-, also ha or x)
16 (hexadeca-, also he) proh
120 (hecatonicosa-, also hi or y)
demi- thin
hebe- hawmco
hemi- thah
hollow (also ho) hocucup
honeycomb (also hon) grothaph
pentacomb (also oh) hinoh
hexacomb (also oh) braxh
he 7 (hepta-, also l or sa)
hen 11 (hendeca-, also u) henap
i 20 (icosa-, also ike) id
24 (icositetra-, also ico or y)
intercepted (also n)
ike icosahedron gike
j 27 (icosihepta-) jak
k 72 (heptacontadi-) jak
256 (diacosipentacontahexa-) rek
1024 (chiliaicositetra-) ka
skew skiv dixathi
l 7 (for heptapeton modifications)
56 (pentacontahexa-) rolaq
aligned dilsid pisapsido
lune bilbiro
polar lifpixady
m 54 (pentacontatetra-)
circum- omfapaxady
medial mobcated
mega- hawmco
meta- mabaud
mu multiple; mu mut
n 5 (for penteract) prin
126 (hecatonicosihexa-) ranq
intercepted (also i)
spino- nipdip
o 8 (octa-, also oc) og
omni- omfapaxady
ortho- pobcu
outer orbis gadipsado
oc 8 (octa-, also o) socat
p 5 (penta-, also pe or n)
para- pabaud
-pental omfapaxady
prism (also pe) squip
prismated; prismato- potag
petated; peti-
py pyramid octpy
q 576 (pentacosiheptacontahexa-) ranq
quasi- qrico
r radial ridtithi
rectified ram
retro- radah
rhombated; rhombi- grid
replenished targi
ro rotunda pero
s small (also sm) srit
snub (also sn) gosid
square (also squ) shiddip;
stellated (also st) gishi
sa hepteract hesa
sc scalene squasc
st pentagram (also star) tistadip
t 3 (tri-, triangle)
4 (tetra-) tut
30 (triaconta-) rhote
32 (triacontadi-) capt
terated; teri-
tesseract srit
toroidal toif
trio- (often tt- in higher-symmetry trioprisms) tithtip
tris- xithi
tetris- (also often ut) kevuthi
trans- tibed segado
truncated ticont
tetracomb cypit
tu blend of two turap
tw 12 (for dodecagon) sitwadip
u 11 (for hendecaxennon)
v 512 (pentacosidodeca-)
-verted kevuthi
w wedge/spheno- wamco
x 6 (for hexateron or hexeract)
600 (hexacosi-) ex
y 24 (icositetra-, also i or ico) wavaty
120 (hecatonicosa-, also h or hi) gun hidy
17280 (myriaheptachiliadiacosioctaconta-)
z 128 (hecatonicosocta-) barz
Common combinations of morphemes
Combination Meaning
af antifastegium
ap antiprism
appy antiprismatic pyramid
aw antiwedge
co cuboctahedron
cuf cupofastegium
dip duoprism
dp, dip disprismato-
dt, dit ditrigonary, duotegum
fip, fap facetopental
gr great rhombated
gye gyroelongated
hiddix hecatonicosidishexacosichoron
id icosidodecahedron
kv, kav, kev, kiv skewverted
nt penteractitriacontaditeron
ofp, ofap omnifacetopental
omfap omnicircumfacetopental
p(...)ex partially (...-)expanded
puf pucofastegium
pv, piv prismatoverted
rawv retrosphenoverted
quit, quat quasitruncated
rawv retrosphenoverted
sr small rhombated
tip trioprism
wav sphenoverted
xady, ixady hexacosidishecatonicosachoron
xithi, xathi hexacositrishecatonicosachoron
xhi hexacosihecatonicosachoron
xog hexeractihexacontatetrapeton