# Cuboctahedron

Cuboctahedron | |
---|---|

Rank | 3 |

Type | Uniform |

Space | Spherical |

Notation | |

Bowers style acronym | Co |

Coxeter diagram | o4x3o () |

Stewart notation | B_{4} |

Elements | |

Faces | 8 triangles, 6 squares |

Edges | 24 |

Vertices | 12 |

Vertex figure | Rectangle, edge lengths 1 and √2 |

Measures (edge length 1) | |

Circumradius | 1 |

Volume | |

Dihedral angle | |

Central density | 1 |

Number of external pieces | 14 |

Level of complexity | 2 |

Related polytopes | |

Army | Co |

Regiment | Co |

Dual | Rhombic dodecahedron |

Conjugate | None |

Abstract & topological properties | |

Flag count | 96 |

Euler characteristic | 2 |

Surface | Sphere |

Orientable | Yes |

Genus | 0 |

Properties | |

Symmetry | B_{3}, order 48 |

Convex | Yes |

Nature | Tame |

The **cuboctahedron**, or **co**, is a quasiregular polyhedron and one of the 13 Archimedean solids. It consists of 8 equilateral triangles and 6 squares, with two of each joining at a vertex. It also has 4 hexagonal pseudofaces. It can be derived as a rectified cube or octahedron, or by expanding the faces of the tetrahedron outward.

The cuboctahedron has the property that its circumradius equals its edge length. This relates to the fact that the cuboctahedron is the vertex figure of the Euclidean tetrahedral-octahedral honeycomb. Other notable polytopes that satisfy this property are the hexagon, the tesseract, and the icositetrachoron.

## Vertex coordinates[edit | edit source]

A cuboctahedron of side length 1 has vertex coordinates given by all permutations of

## Representations[edit | edit source]

A cuboctahedron has the following Coxeter diagrams:

- o4x3o (full symmetry)
- x3o3x (A3 subsymmetry, small rhombitetratetrahedron)
- s4x3o (A3 symmetry, triangle-alternated truncated cube)
- xxo3oxx&#xt (A2 axial, triangular gyrobicupola)
- xox4oqo&#xt (BC2 axial, square-first)
- oxuxo oqoqo&#xt (A1×A1 axial, vertex-first)
- qo xo4oq&#zx (BC2×A1 symmetry, rectified square prism)
- x(uo)x x(ou)x&#xt (square-first under rectangle subsymmetry)
- qqo qoq oqq&#zx (A1×A1×A1 symmetry, rectified cuboid)

## Variations[edit | edit source]

A cuboctahedron can also be constructed in A3 symmetry, as the cantellated tetrahedron. This figure is named the small rhombitetratetrahedron, also commonly known as simply the rhombitetratetrahedron. In this form, the 8 triangles split into 2 sets of 4, and the squares alternately join to the two kinds of triangles. It can be represented as x3o3x.

## Related polyhedra[edit | edit source]

The cuboctahedron is the colonel of a three-member regiment that also includes the octahemioctahedron and the cubohemioctahedron.

A cuboctahedron can be cut in half along an equatorial hexagonal section to produce 2 triangular cupolas. Since the two cupolas are in opposite orientations, this means the cuboctahedron can be called the **triangular gyrobicupola**. If one cupola is rotated 60° and then rejoined, so that triangles join to triangles and squares join to squares, the result is the triangular orthobicupola. If a hexagonal prism is inserted between the halves of a cuboctahedron, the result is an elongated triangular gyrobicupola.

The antirhombicosicosahedron is a uniform polyhedron compound composed of 5 cuboctahedra.

The square faces of the cuboctahedron can be subdivided into triangles to form a polyhedron which is abstractly equivalent to the icosahedron.

Name | OBSA | Schläfli symbol | CD diagram | Picture |
---|---|---|---|---|

Cube | cube | {4,3} | x4o3o | |

Truncated cube | tic | t{4,3} | x4x3o | |

Cuboctahedron | co | r{4,3} | o4x3o | |

Truncated octahedron | toe | t{3,4} | o4x3x | |

Octahedron | oct | {3,4} | o4o3x | |

Small rhombicuboctahedron | sirco | rr{4,3} | x4o3x | |

Great rhombicuboctahedron | girco | tr{4,3} | x4x3x | |

Snub cube | snic | sr{4,3} | s4s3s |

Name | OBSA | Schläfli symbol | CD diagram | Picture |
---|---|---|---|---|

Tetrahedron | tet | {3,3} | x3o3o | |

Truncated tetrahedron | tut | t{3,3} | x3x3o | |

Tetratetrahedron = Octahedron | oct | r{3,3} | o3x3o | |

Truncated tetrahedron | tut | t{3,3} | o3x3x | |

Tetrahedron | tet | {3,3} | o3o3x | |

Small rhombitetratetrahedron = Cuboctahedron | co | rr{3,3} | x3o3x | |

Great rhombitetratetrahedron = Truncated octahedron | toe | tr{3,3} | x3x3x | |

Snub tetrahedron = Icosahedron | ike | sr{3,3} | s3s3s |

## External links[edit | edit source]

- Bowers, Jonathan. "Polyhedron Category 3: Quasiregulars" (#21).

- Bowers, Jonathan. "Batch 1: Oct and Co Facetings" (#1 under co).

- Klitzing, Richard. "co".

- Quickfur. "The Cuboctahedron".

- Wikipedia Contributors. "Cuboctahedron".
- McCooey, David. "Cuboctahedron"

- Hi.gher.Space Wiki Contributors. "Stauromesohedron".