Cuboctahedron

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Cuboctahedron
Rank3
TypeUniform
Notation
Bowers style acronymCo
Coxeter diagramo4x3o ()
Conway notationaC
Stewart notationB4
Elements
Faces8 triangles, 6 squares
Edges24
Vertices12
Vertex figureRectangle, edge lengths 1 and 2
Measures (edge length 1)
Circumradius1
Volume
Dihedral angle
Central density1
Number of external pieces14
Level of complexity2
Related polytopes
ArmyCo
RegimentCo
DualRhombic dodecahedron
ConjugateNone
Abstract & topological properties
Flag count96
Euler characteristic2
SurfaceSphere
OrientableYes
Genus0
Properties
SymmetryB3, order 48
Flag orbits2
ConvexYes
NatureTame

The cuboctahedron, or co, is a quasiregular polyhedron and one of the 13 Archimedean solids. It consists of 8 equilateral triangles and 6 squares, with two of each joining at a vertex. It also has 4 hexagonal pseudofaces. It can be derived as a rectified cube or octahedron, or by expanding the faces of the tetrahedron outward.

The cuboctahedron has the property that its circumradius equals its edge length. This relates to the fact that the cuboctahedron is the vertex figure of the Euclidean tetrahedral-octahedral honeycomb. Other notable polytopes that satisfy this property are the hexagon, the tesseract, and the icositetrachoron.

Vertex coordinates[edit | edit source]

A cuboctahedron of side length 1 has vertex coordinates given by all permutations of

  • .

Representations[edit | edit source]

A cuboctahedron has the following Coxeter diagrams:

  • o4x3o () (full symmetry)
  • x3o3x () (A3 subsymmetry, small rhombitetratetrahedron)
  • s4x3o () (A3 symmetry, triangle-alternated truncated cube)
  • xxo3oxx&#xt (A2 axial, triangular gyrobicupola)
  • xox4oqo&#xt (BC2 axial, square-first)
  • oxuxo oqoqo&#xt (A1×A1 axial, vertex-first)
  • qo xo4oq&#zx (BC2×A1 symmetry, rectified square prism)
  • x(uo)x x(ou)x&#xt (square-first under rectangle subsymmetry)
  • qqo qoq oqq&#zx (A1×A1×A1 symmetry, rectified cuboid)

Variations[edit | edit source]

A cuboctahedron can also be constructed in A3 symmetry, as the cantellated tetrahedron. This figure is named the small rhombitetratetrahedron, also commonly known as simply the rhombitetratetrahedron. In this form, the 8 triangles split into 2 sets of 4, and the squares alternately join to the two kinds of triangles. It can be represented as x3o3x.

Related polyhedra[edit | edit source]

The cuboctahedron is the colonel of a three-member regiment that also includes the octahemioctahedron and the cubohemioctahedron.

A cuboctahedron can be cut in half along an equatorial hexagonal section to produce 2 triangular cupolas. Since the two cupolas are in opposite orientations, this means the cuboctahedron can be called the triangular gyrobicupola. If one cupola is rotated 60° and then rejoined, so that triangles join to triangles and squares join to squares, the result is the triangular orthobicupola. If a hexagonal prism is inserted between the halves of a cuboctahedron, the result is an elongated triangular gyrobicupola.

The antirhombicosicosahedron is a uniform polyhedron compound composed of 5 cuboctahedra.

The square faces of the cuboctahedron can be subdivided into triangles to form a polyhedron which is abstractly equivalent to the icosahedron.

External links[edit | edit source]