|Bowers style acronym||Dec|
|Coxeter diagram||x10o ()|
|Vertex figure||Dyad, length √|
|Measures (edge length 1)|
|Number of pieces||10|
|Level of complexity||1|
|Symmetry||I2(10), order 20|
The decagon, or dec, is a polygon with 10 sides. A regular decagon has equal sides and equal angles. It has the most sides of any polygon that occurs as a face of a non-prismatic uniform polytope, although dodecagons appear in some tilings and hexadecagons appear in scaliform polychora.
The combining prefix is da-, as in dadip.
Naming[edit | edit source]
The name decagon is derived from the Ancient Greek δέκα (10) and γωνία (angle), referring to the number of vertices.
Other names include:
- Dec, Bowers style acronym, short for "decagon".
Vertex coordinates[edit | edit source]
Coordinates for a decagon of unit edge length, centered at the origin are all sign changes of:
Representations[edit | edit source]
A regular decagon can be represented by the following Coxeter diagrams:
- x10o (regular),
- x5x (H2 symmetry, generally a dipentagon),
- to5ot&#zx (t=√, generally a pentambus),
- xFV Tto&#zx (rectangular symmetry, t as above, T=ft),
- xFVFx&#xt (axial edge-first),
- otTTto&#xt (axial vertex-first).
Variations[edit | edit source]
Two main variants of the decagon have pentagon symmetry: the dipentagon, with two alternating side lengths and equal angles, and the dual pentambus, with two alternating angles and equal edges. Other less regular variations with chiral pentagonal, rectangular, central inversion, mirror, or no symmetry also exist.
Stellations[edit | edit source]
- 1st stellation: Stellated decagon (compound of two pentagons)
- 2nd stellation: Decagram
- 3rd stellation: Stellated decagram (compound of two pentagrams)
[edit | edit source]
- Bowers, Jonathan. "Regular Polygons and Other Two Dimensional Shapes".