# Great rhombicuboctahedron

Great rhombicuboctahedron | |
---|---|

Rank | 3 |

Type | Uniform |

Space | Spherical |

Notation | |

Bowers style acronym | Girco |

Coxeter diagram | x4x3x () |

Elements | |

Faces | 12 squares, 8 hexagons, 6 octagons |

Edges | 24+24+24 |

Vertices | 48 |

Vertex figure | Scalene triangle, edge lengths √2, √3, √2+√2 |

Measures (edge length 1) | |

Circumradius | |

Volume | |

Dihedral angles | 6–4: |

8–4: 135° | |

8–6: | |

Central density | 1 |

Number of pieces | 26 |

Level of complexity | 6 |

Related polytopes | |

Army | Girco |

Regiment | Girco |

Dual | Disdyakis dodecahedron |

Conjugate | Quasitruncated cuboctahedron |

Abstract properties | |

Flag count | 288 |

Euler characteristic | 2 |

Topological properties | |

Surface | Sphere |

Orientable | Yes |

Genus | 0 |

Properties | |

Symmetry | B_{3}, order 48 |

Convex | Yes |

Nature | Tame |

The **great rhombicuboctahedron** or **girco**, also commonly known as the **truncated cuboctahedron**, is one of the 13 Archimedean solids. It consists of 12 squares, 8 hexagons, and 6 octagons, with one of each type of face meeting per vertex. It can be obtained by cantitruncation of the cube or octahedron, or equivalently by truncating the vertices of a cuboctahedron and then adjusting the edge lengths to be all equal.

This is one of three Wythoffian non-prismatic polyhedra whose Coxeter diagram has all ringed nodes, the other two being the great rhombitetratetrahedron and the great rhombicosidodecahedron.

It can be alternated into the snub cube after equalizing edge lengths.

## Naming[edit | edit source]

**Rhombi** refers to the twelve square faces on the axis of the rhombic dodecahedron, **cub**(e) refers to the six faces on the axis of the cube, and **octahedron** for the eight hexagons on the axis of the octahedron.

Alternate names include:

**Truncated cuboctahedron**(a translation of Kepler's Latin name), because it can be derived by truncating the cuboctahedron. However, it is not a true truncation of the rhombicuboctahedron, as a true truncation would result in rectangles rather than squares. Kepler used a different word for this sense of "truncated", but it was lost in translation.**Rhombitruncated cuboctahedron**(similar to the above, but also refers to the planes of the truncated faces).**Great rhombcuboctahedron**(no "i") - alternate spelling.

## Vertex coordinates[edit | edit source]

A great rhombicuboctahedron of edge length 1 has vertex coordinates given by all permutations of:

## Representations[edit | edit source]

A great rhombicuboctahedron has the following Coxeter diagrams:

- x4x3x (full symmetry)
- xxwwxx4xuxxux&#xt (BC2 axial, octagon-first)
- wx3xx3xw&#zx (A3 symmetry, as hull of two inverse great rhombitetratetrahedra)
- Xwx xxw4xux&#zx (BC2×A1 symmetry)
- xxuUxwwx3xwwxUuxx&#xt (A2 axial, hexagon-first)

## Semi-uniform variant[edit | edit source]

The great rhombicuboctahedron has a semi-uniform variant of the form x4y3z that maintains its full symmetry. This variant has 6 ditetragons, 8 ditrigons, and 12 rectangles as faces.

With edges of length a (ditetragon-rectangle), b (ditetragon-ditrigon), and c (ditrigon-rectangle), its circumradius is given by and its volume is given by .

It has coordinates given by all permutations of:

## Related polyhedra[edit | edit source]

Name | OBSA | Schläfli symbol | CD diagram | Picture |
---|---|---|---|---|

Cube | cube | {4,3} | x4o3o | |

Truncated cube | tic | t{4,3} | x4x3o | |

Cuboctahedron | co | r{4,3} | o4x3o | |

Truncated octahedron | toe | t{3,4} | o4x3x | |

Octahedron | oct | {3,4} | o4o3x | |

Small rhombicuboctahedron | sirco | rr{4,3} | x4o3x | |

Great rhombicuboctahedron | girco | tr{4,3} | x4x3x | |

Snub cube | snic | sr{4,3} | s4s3s |

## External links[edit | edit source]

- Bowers, Jonathan. "Polyhedron Category 5: Omnitruncates" (#57).

- Klitzing, Richard. "Girco".

- Quickfur. "The Great Rhombicuboctahedron".

- Wikipedia Contributors. "Truncated cuboctahedron".
- McCooey, David. "Truncated Cuboctahedron"

- Hi.gher.Space Wiki Contributors. "Stauropantohedron".