Icositetrachoron

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Icositetrachoron
Schlegel wireframe 24-cell.png
Rank4
TypeRegular
SpaceSpherical
Notation
Bowers style acronymIco
Coxeter diagramx3o4o3o (CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schläfli symbol{3,4,3}
Elements
Cells24 octahedra
Faces96 triangles
Edges96
Vertices24
Vertex figureCube, edge length 1 24 cell verf.png
Edge figureoct 3 oct 3 oct 3
Measures (edge length 1)
Circumradius1
Edge radius
Face radius
Inradius
Hypervolume2
Dichoral angle120°
Interior anglesAt triangle:
At edge:
At vertex:
Central density1
Number of external pieces24
Level of complexity1
Related polytopes
ArmyIco
RegimentIco
DualIcositetrachoron
ConjugateNone
Abstract & topological properties
Flag count1152
Euler characteristic0
OrientableYes
Properties
SymmetryF4, order 1152
ConvexYes
NatureTame

The icositetrachoron, or ico, also commonly called the 24-cell, is one of the 6 convex regular polychora. It has 24 octahedra as cells, joining 3 to an edge and 6 to a vertex in a cubical arrangement. It is notable for being the only regular self-dual convex spherical polytope that is neither a polygon nor a simplex.

The icositetrachoron is the third in a series of isogonal and isochoric tetrahedral swirlchora, the first in a series of isogonal octahedral swirlchora, and the first in a series of isochoric cubic swirlchora.

It is also one of the three regular polychora that can tile 4D space in the icositetrachoric tetracomb and is notable for having the same circumradius as its edge length.

It can be constructed by attaching 8 cubic pyramids to the cells of a tesseract, or by rectifying the regular hexadecachoron.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Vertex coordinates[edit | edit source]

The vertices of an icositetrachoron of edge length 1, centered at the origin, are given by all permutations of:

The dual icositetrachoron to this one has vertices given by all permutations of:

This shows that a unit tesseract, as well as a hexadecachoron of edge length , can be inscribed into the icositetrachoron.

Representations[edit | edit source]

An icositetrachoron has the following Coxeter diagrams:

  • x3o4o3o (full symmetry)
  • o4o3x3o (BC4 symmetry, rectified hexadecachoron)
  • o3x3o *b3o (D4 symmetry, rectified demitesseract)
  • ooo4oxo3xox&#xt (BC3 axial, octahedron-first)
  • oxo3xox3oxo&#xt (A3 axial, octahedron-first)
  • oxoxo4ooooo3ooqoo&#xt (BC4 axial, vertex-first)
  • ox(uoo)xo ox(ouo)xo ox(oou)xo&#xt (A1×A1×A1 axial, vertex-first)
  • ox(uo)xo ox(oq)xo4oo(oo)oo&#xt (BC2×A1 axial, vertex-first)
  • ox4oo3oo3qo&#zx (BC4 axial, dual of rectified hexadecachoron)
  • qoo3ooo3oqo &b3ooq&#zx (D4 symmetry, hull of 3 hexadecachora)
  • qo oo4ox3xo&#zx (CB3×A1 symmetry)
  • oxo4ooq oxo4qoo&#zx (BC2×BC2 symmetry)
  • xxo3xox oqo3ooq&#zx (A2×A2 symmetry)
  • uooox ouoox oouox oooux&#zx (A1×A1×A1×A1 symmetry)
  • (qo)(qo)(qo) (ox)(xo)(ox)4(oo)(oq)(oo)&#xt (BC2×A1 axial, octahedron first)
  • uoox ouox ooqx4oooo&#zx (BC2×A1×A1 symmetry)
  • oqoqo xoxxo3oxxox&#xt (BC2×A1 axial, triangle-first)
  • xoxuxox oqooqoo3ooqooqo&#xt (A2×A1 axial edge-first)

Variations[edit | edit source]

The icositetrachoron has a wide variety of colorings that remain isogonal or isochoric, most of which do not have variations in the measures however:

  • Rectified hexadecachoron - tesseractic symmetry, 16 octahedra have tetrahedral symmetry
  • Joined tesseract - dual to above, cells are square tegums
  • Rectified demitesseract - 3 sets of 8 tetratetrahedra
  • Joined semistellated hexadecachoron - dual to above, cells are rhombic tegums
  • Hexafold tetraswirlchoron/Tetraswirlic icositetrachoron - Tetrahedral swirlprism symmetry, 24 trigonal gyroprism cells
  • Tetrafold octaswirlchoron - with isogonal cube swirlprism symmetry
  • Hexaswirlic icositetrachoron - 24 identical cells, again with square tegmatic symmetry

Related polychora[edit | edit source]

The regiment of the icositetrachoron contains a total of 14 members plus one compound (the great icositetrachoron). Of the 13 other members, the icositetrahemicositetrachoron has F4+ symmetry, 6 (including the octahemihexadecachoron) have B4 symmetry, and the last 6 (including the rectified tesseractihemioctachoron) have D4 symmetry.

It is possible to diminish an icositetrachoron by cutting off cubic pyramids, each of which deletes one vertex. If the vertices corresponding to an inscribed hexadecachoron are removed, the result is the regular tesseract.

The unit icositetrachoron can be seen as the convex hull of a unit tesseract and a hexadecachoron of edge length .

The icositetrachoron can be cut in half to produce two identical octahedra atop cuboctahedra.

Many other CRF polychora can be obtained as various vertex subsets of the icositetrachoron. Among the more interesting is the fact that an icositetrachoron can be decomposed into 6 triangular antiwedges.

Uniform polychoron compounds composed of icositetrachora include:

o3o4o3o truncations
Name OBSA CD diagram Picture
Icositetrachoron ico x3o4o3o (CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel wireframe 24-cell.png
Truncated icositetrachoron tico x3x4o3o (CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel half-solid truncated 24-cell.png
Rectified icositetrachoron rico o3x4o3o (CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel half-solid cantellated 16-cell.png
Tetracontoctachoron cont o3x4x3o (CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Bitruncated 24-cell Schlegel halfsolid.png
Rectified icositetrachoron rico o3o4x3o (CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel half-solid cantellated 16-cell.png
Truncated icositetrachoron tico o3o4x3x (CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Schlegel half-solid truncated 24-cell.png
Icositetrachoron ico o3o4o3x (CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Schlegel wireframe 24-cell.png
Small rhombated icositetrachoron srico x3o4x3o (CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Cantel 24cell1.png
Great rhombated icositetrachoron grico x3x4x3o (CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Cantitruncated 24-cell schlegel halfsolid.png
Small rhombated icositetrachoron srico o3x4o3x (CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Cantel 24cell1.png
Great rhombated icositetrachoron grico o3x4x3x (CDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Cantitruncated 24-cell schlegel halfsolid.png
Small prismatotetracontoctachoron spic x3o4o3x (CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Runcinated 24-cell Schlegel halfsolid.png
Prismatorhombated icositetrachoron prico x3x4o3x (CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Prico.png
Prismatorhombated icositetrachoron prico x3o4x3x (CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Prico.png
Great prismatotetracontoctachoron gippic x3x4x3x (CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Gippic.png
Snub disicositetrachoron sadi s3s4o3o (CDel node h.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel half-solid alternated cantitruncated 16-cell.png
o4o3o3o truncations
Name OBSA CD diagram Picture
Tesseract tes x4o3o3o (CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel wireframe 8-cell.png
Truncated tesseract tat x4x3o3o (CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel half-solid truncated tesseract.png
Rectified tesseract rit o4x3o3o (CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel half-solid rectified 8-cell.png
Tesseractihexadecachoron tah o4x3x3o (CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel half-solid bitruncated 8-cell.png
Rectified hexadecachoron = Icositetrachoron ico o4o3x3o (CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel half-solid rectified 16-cell.png
Truncated hexadecachoron thex o4o3x3x (CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Schlegel half-solid truncated 16-cell.png
Hexadecachoron hex o4o3o3x (CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Schlegel wireframe 16-cell.png
Small rhombated tesseract srit x4o3x3o (CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel half-solid cantellated 8-cell.png
Great rhombated tesseract grit x4x3x3o (CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png)
Schlegel half-solid cantitruncated 8-cell.png
Small rhombated hexadecachoron = Rectified icositetrachoron rico o4x3o3x (CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Schlegel half-solid cantellated 16-cell.png
Great rhombated hexadecachoron = Truncated icositetrachoron tico o4x3x3x (CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Schlegel half-solid cantitruncated 16-cell.png
Small disprismatotesseractihexadecachoron sidpith x4o3o3x (CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Schlegel half-solid runcinated 8-cell.png
Prismatorhombated hexadecachoron proh x4x3o3x (CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Schlegel half-solid runcitruncated 8-cell.png
Prismatorhombated tesseract prit x4o3x3x (CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Schlegel half-solid runcitruncated 16-cell.png
Great disprismatotesseractihexadecachoron gidpith x4x3x3x (CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.png)
Schlegel half-solid omnitruncated 8-cell.png

Isogonal derivatives[edit | edit source]

Substitution by vertices of these following elements will produce these convex isogonal polychora:

External links[edit | edit source]

  • Klitzing, Richard. "Ico".