Triangular antiprism

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Triangular antiprism
Trap.png
Rank3
TypeIsogonal
SpaceSpherical
Bowers style acronymTrap
Info
Coxeter diagrams2s6o
SymmetryG2×A1+, order 12
ArmyTrap
RegimentTrap
Elements
Vertex figureRectangle
Faces2 equilateral triangles, 6 isosceles triangles
Edges6+6
Vertices6
Measures (edge lengths b [base], ℓ [lacing])
Circumradius
Height
Central density1
Euler characteristic2
Related polytopes
DualTriangular antitegum
ConjugateTriangular antiprism
Properties
ConvexYes
OrientableYes
NatureTame

The triangular antiprism, or trap, is a triangle-based antiprism. The version with all equal edges is the regular octahedron, one of the Platonic solids, but other versions exist with isosceles triangles as their sides. In the latter case, their Coxeter diagram could be given as xo3ox&#y. They are formed by alternating a general hexagonal prism. Given a triangular antiprism with base edges of length b and side edges of length l, the corresponding hexagonal prism has base edges of length and side edges of length .

Any such triangular antiprism has an equatorial rectangle section with edges of the same lengths as the antiprism.

The bases of a triangular antiprism are rotated by 60° with respect to each other. If the rotation angle is different the resulting polyhedron has scalene triangles as lateral faces and is called a triangular gyroprism.

A notable case occurs as the alternation of the uniform hexagonal prism. This specific case has base edges of length and side edges of length .

Vertex coordinates[edit | edit source]

Cartesian coordinates for a triangular antiprism created from two triangles of edge length b laced by edges of length , centered at the origin, are given by:

In vertex figures[edit | edit source]

A triangular antiprism with base edges of length 1 and side edges of length 2 occurs as the vertex figure of the small prismatodecachoron.